It is stated that speaking to a man in a language he understands goes straight to his mind, but speaking to him in his own language goes straight to his heart. A person's mother language will always have a particular place in their hearts and minds because they have known and spoken it since birth.
The mother tongue can be put to the greatest possible use throughout early schooling by leveraging this familiarity, as it leads to a far better knowledge of principles and a more favourable attitude toward school, learning, and education.
The National Education Policy 2020 in India argues for a number of educational reforms. One of the most important of these modifications is that primary education should be taught in the child's mother tongue. The mother language will be the medium of instruction in all schools until the fifth grade, according to this regulation.
After a clear grasp of the need of educating children in vernacular languages, the mandate was enacted.
The significance of mother tongue-based education
The same has been supported by UNESCO, which has advised that classes be taught in the community's mother tongue during the early years of primary school so that pupils can fully learn to read and write, as well as early mathematical concepts, at this period.
As a result, India is heading toward a three-language model, with English as a second or third language.
When the pandemic hit the country, students began to learn through virtual classes and digital platforms. Students, particularly those in rural India who are predominantly schooled in their native tongue, found stumbling blocks in the learning process at this point.
Digital access to high-quality content in their original languages has become difficult for pupils whose primary language of instruction is not English. Because most digital platforms were created to meet the demands of English-speaking students, many pupils struggled to understand the topics.
Taking this into account, there is a pressing need to address the scarcity of information in local languages and to give students and teachers with access to digital devices that include native content.
Multilingual digital devices and platforms will undoubtedly assist in closing the educational gap for pupils in all cities, towns, and villages. This is how it's done:
1. A better grasp of the curriculum and topics
When it comes to technically complex subjects like History or Social Sciences, native languages are the best approach for pupils to learn and retain more knowledge. It allows children to absorb information more quickly because they are not hindered by language obstacles. When you solve a problem in your mother tongue, whether it's hypothetical or mathematical, it's a lot easier.
2. Increasing self-confidence
When textbooks, worksheets, quizzes, and other materials are provided in the child's native language, they are more likely to participate actively in class activities. When they can experience academic lectures, mentor sessions, online assessments, and more in regional languages, they will feel more assured.
3. Assists teachers in bridging the gap
Organizations in the digital learning arena have a tendency to overlook teachers. Choosing content in a language with which they are already familiar can aid them in understanding how to bridge communication and learning gaps with pupils.
As an industry, we must band together to meet the requirements of every student, ensuring that their right to education is fulfilled in the most convenient way possible.