Following the need for the overall development of children, the CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) introduced the CCE (Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation) program in schools across the nation. This method of education aims at providing quality education to children in their formative years of school life. The continuous scheme targets assessments that should be done daily, whereas the comprehensive part directs to the evaluation that covers the cognitive, emotional, and functional aspects of students.
The CCE system proves to be beneficial to the educational system in multiple ways. Firstly, it weighs down the stress and anxiety that students face at the thought of examinations. The assessments are made comprehensive and regular, also providing space for the teachers to employ prolific teaching skills. The main aim of the CCE program is to monitor every aspect of the students during their presence in schools.
When questioned about its authenticity and objectives, CCE makes the process of teaching and learning an experience rather than a monotonous task in an everyday scenario. This can be better described as a learner-centred activity. This activity makes the assessment process an essential part of the teaching-learning process. CCE also gives a fair judgment for a student’s academic growth, learning pace, and the environment of learning. Students have a better idea of what they are capable of when self-assessing their academic performance. The evaluation process helps students to improve their work through mistake detections and corrections.
Additionally, it helps teachers to organise effective teaching strategies. Teachers would be able to point out why some students fail to meet academic goals, in spite of providing individual attention. Some students may face personal problems, hence neglecting studies and facing a sudden fall in academic grades. In such a scenario, the continuous evaluation brings awareness of the achievements of students, from time to time. Remedial measures can be given to children to overcome their academic struggles.
By continuous evaluation, students can assess their strengths and weaknesses. It provides a realistic self-picture of how seriously they take lessons from school. It motivates students to develop good study habits, learn from mistakes, create timetables, and determine the areas in which more emphasis is needed. The continuous evaluation also helps to direct students in their areas of interest, especially subjects which concern their interest for future goals. It provides the progress report in scholastic and non-scholastic areas, thus helping in predicting the future success of learners.
What are the key characteristics of a good evaluation process?
Fairness: The evaluation process must be fair to all students. This should be explained to students, as to how the evaluation process is done. The nature of materials on which they are to be examined, the form and structure of examinations, length and value of examinations should be made clear to all students.
Validity: A valid evaluation measures the behaviour described by the objectives, under scrutiny.
Reliability: Reliability is a measure of consistency with which the examination produces the same result under different, but comparable situations. In order to maintain the reliability of examinations, one evaluative question should only test one thing at a time, rather than multiple options. The reliability should also reflect the objectives of the teaching unit.
Practicality: The procedure should be realistic, efficient, and practical in terms of cost, time taken, and the case of application.
Usefulness: Students should feel the usefulness of taking these continuous evaluations. Feedbacks from students are necessary to improve their weaknesses and realise their areas of strength.
When analysing a school of students, parents and teachers observe different types of children who exhibit different learning capacities. Hence, to evaluate the learning abilities of children, various techniques of evaluation like oral assessments, practical, project assessments, and written tests can be employed to monitor their progress.
There lie ample opportunities for students under this process of comprehensive education and evaluation. The scholastic strengths of each student get monitored, hassle-free, and in a responsible fashion, right at the beginning of an academic year. The CCE program has thus opened doors for overall development for future generations in the country.