Lecturers have had to alter and redesign their teaching approaches in a short amount of time because to the Covid-19 outbreak and associated lockdowns in the last two years. The transfer of information and teaching content was made more difficult by poor Internet connections, technical issues, and a lack of personal interaction.
Digital teaching provides students and lecturers with previously unimagined options and ushers in an entirely new era of teaching and learning: "On the one hand, one of the most significant advantages of digital education is the flexibility in terms of time and geography in work organisation, as not only time but also expenditures can be saved, for example, by eliminating travel. Lecturers have more freedom and control over how they manage their time and organise their seminars and lectures. Furthermore, recorded instructional material can be reused." Students share this sentiment: digital teaching allows students to learn at their own pace and replay recorded lectures as many times as they need. "Face-to-face instruction and digital formats should not be pitted against each other," he says. Digital education should be viewed as a supplement to face-to-face instruction, and the value of face-to-face instruction should not be overlooked.
Because, while online learning has more benefits than previously thought, the lack of interaction between lecturers and students causes many holes that cannot be "filled" online. The demand of a stable Internet connection and the requisite technical equipment, for example, is an evident disadvantage.
As many people were unfamiliar with digital teaching and its technical implementation, there was an increase in burden, especially in the beginning. Furthermore, one of the most significant disadvantages is the challenge of being disciplined, focused, and motivated in front of a computer for an extended amount of time. This necessitates substantially more self-discipline and organisation on the part of students than in face-to-face classes.
In the future, blended learning (which combines classroom and internet education) could be a promising technique of teaching and learning. For example, in face-to-face education, the emphasis could be on interaction and exchange, whereas in digital forms of teaching and learning, the content could be worked on separately. More individuals will want to learn and teach online in the future, because everyone now has the ability to continue their education whenever and wherever they choose — on the road, in the waiting room, on the train, or at home.