Education has to develop into a system of practical assessment and evaluation to outgrow traditional approach and rote learning, suggest experts. What is now a system of evaluating students based on textbook learning alone should develop to include dynamic and research-based learning assessment, encouraging problem solving and other critical skills. This is how our current educational system can incorporate multidisciplinary learning, suggest experts and NEP 2020 alike, speak experts in a discussion by Amrita University.
While traditional approach was strictly confined to evaluation based on answers to set questions pertaining to the subject, modern education requires transformation in teaching methods also to bring in multidimensional learning into the picture. Students should be gauged on their ability to research and learn based on problem-solving and activity-based education, to incorporate necessary skills for their future too into the educational process.
Importance should be given in the educational curriculum to skills like dynamic learning, problem solving, critical thinking, logical development and analytical learning through practical situations. This will help in promoting a well-rounded growth of students and transform the current education system to become one that focuses on multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary learning equally.
Students should be encouraged to volunteer and participate in practical problem solving and application of textbook education in real-life scenarios to promote real-life and futuristic skills. Enquiry-based learning and skill enhancement from activities and projects should also be an integral part of education as explained in the NEP 2020.
For all the above skills to foster, it is essential that teachers evaluate their methodologies and system to identify scope for improvement. Teaching should be in a way to ensure that the students are continually engaged, curious, willing to build up on their learnings and implement these in real-life situations, for a well-rounded education.
How to Incorporate Multidisciplinary Curriculum?
It is essential to ensure that both analytical and holistic assessment approaches are followed for a well-rounded education and evaluation system, suggest experts. Assessment should rightly include the skill sets of the student and should not be confined to only subject knowledge and textbook learning abilities.
How to Assess Multidisciplinary Learning?
Teachers should focus on self-evaluation of their lessons first to ensure students are engaged, able to learn and motivated to ask and research during the teaching sessions. It is important for teachers to incorporate new techniques and approaches that foster skill enhancement and questioning-based learning in students, conclude experts.
How to Promote Interdisciplinary Teaching?
Teachers should focus on incorporating key skills like critical thinking, problem solving and soft skills to enable students to grasp these during the education process. Including 360 degree learning and enabling students to learn through research and project-based activities will help in implementing an interdisciplinary education system, say experts.
Possibility of Seamless Integration of Various Streams
Bringing in a problem-solving approach and encouraging related skills in students will incorporate integration of various streams naturally into the educational process, suggest experts. As mentioned in the NEP 2020, allowing students to explore their curiosity and developing practical answers to problems around us should be an integral part of education.
Steps to Develop an Integrated Lesson Plan
Abandoning older methods that include many pitfalls and shortcomings when it comes to assessing students is essential to developing a multidisciplinary lesson plan. As per NEP 2020, evaluation has to move away from rote learning assessment to a more dynamic and enquiry based one, to rightly assess the skills and learning capabilities of students, add experts.