There was a time when India was the leader in education. Indian learning was in the past based on Shruti and Smriti (listening and memorizing). The learners were supposed to give many tests and exams to prove their capability. Those assessments were not only limited to the classrooms, they had practical assessments also in the wide surrounding environment and their behavioural advancement.              For a long time, we have seen that our education system is based on rote learning. If a student had good cramming capacity, they could excel. The same student who scored high in their secondary exams, when faced with competitive exams, the results were not that appreciative. What can be the reason behind these discrepancies? According to my, the children and their parents are only focused on getting marks instead of learning. But now, the scenario is changing, NEP is going to be on the floor from next year which supports the conceptual learning. That means the learner will be analyzed using different assessment tools, to check their understanding of the concept. In that case, the teacher’s role as a facilitator is most important. Teachers have to prepare the students to face any type of questions asked. They should evaluate the cognitive, affective and psychomotor domain of the learners. Students must be able to understand the question and the concept or the fact behind it is utmost required. At the same time, they should feel the assessment is part of learning, not a scale of categorizing. So, while designing the evaluation tools the teachers should keep a certain point in mind;

a) The tool should be interesting and compact: - To make it interesting teacher can add pictures, stories, poems and even current affairs. Questions can be asked in creative ways like, instead of giving fill in blanks they can be given pictures to identify or a small story can be given related to the topic and questions can be asked on that. For making it compact, question framing should be such that the big topic can be asked in meaningful ways, sometimes the lengthy questions could not achieve the purpose they were designed for.

b) The tool should help to build up the concept: - For achieving this point, the teacher can include questions from different sources. Teachers should refer to many books to get the idea of presenting the concept in different ways. Nowadays, in the era of the internet, teachers can get ideas from different apps and websites. Some of the websites are exclusively available for this.

c) The tool should provide adequate practice to learn the topic: “Practice makes the man perfect”. This famous phrase should be kept in mind while designing a tool for internal assessment. The same topic can be presented in many ways and the same principle can be applied in different situations.

d)The tool should provoke the learner’s thinking domain. That means the students who have understood the concept properly can answer the question. So, passage-based questions, case study questions should be included to give them a fair idea about the application of the concept. These types of questions will also help to evaluate the psycho-motor learning of the learner.

e) Evaluation can be done in group activities: - Some tools can be designed to evaluate the affective domain of the children. For that, role-play, projects, gathering information from the neighbourhood can be included. Children decide the future of a country. If they will progress, the nation also progresses. Every school can prepare next Sundar Pichai, C V Raman, or Amartya Sen. So fasten your belts and make a better tomorrow.