Since the late 1990s, governments, bilateral and multilateral organisations, funders, civil society, and the business sector have worked together to extend access to education throughout the world, but education quality has not kept up. Even before the COVID-19 pandemic forced school closures throughout the world, all young people lacked the comprehensive set of skills required to succeed in job, life, and citizenship.
The pandemic's impact on education investment, student learning, and longer-term economic results has the potential to not only reverse recent gains in tackling the skills development issue, but also to increase learning inequalities within and across nations. Beyond the immediate and varied effects of COVID-19 on students' access to high-quality education, the worldwide economic crisis it has sparked will likely cut government budgets, potentially reducing education investment and impairing the capacity to deliver high-quality education.
There is also concern that, as governments struggle to reopen schools and/or provide adequate distance-learning opportunities, many education systems will focus on foundational skills like literacy and numeracy, neglecting a broader set of skills required to thrive in a rapidly changing, technologically advanced world.
Computer science (CS) expertise is becoming increasingly important among these larger abilities. The study of computers and algorithmic processes, including their concepts, hardware and software designs, [implementation], and social influence, is characterised as computer science. Individuals with CS abilities can better grasp how technology works and how to best use it to enhance their life. Computational thinking abilities, which relate to the mental processes required in formulating answers as computational steps or algorithms that can be carried out by a computer, are the purpose of CS education.
In addition, CS education differs from computer or digital literacy in that it focuses on computer design rather than computer use. Coding, for example, is a talent learned in a computer science class, but generating a document or PowerPoint presentation using an existing software is a skill learned in a computer or digital literacy class.
According to studies, CS education increases college enrollment rates and helps pupils acquire problem-solving skills. Lessons in computational thinking have also been proven to increase student reaction inhibition, planning, and coding abilities. Importantly, computer science abilities pay off in the job market by increasing the chance of employment and increasing salary. CS education promises to greatly improve student preparation for the future of employment and active citizenship as these abilities become more important in the fast-changing twenty-first century.
The advantages of CS education go beyond financial incentives. Given the increasing integration of technology into many parts of everyday life in the twenty-first century, having a functional understanding of how computers work—beyond the mere usage of applications—will be extremely beneficial.
Many nations have begun to make efforts in providing CS education to all of their pupils at this time. The reasons for offering it will be as diverse as the countries themselves, however economic considerations are frequently at the top of the list. Other factors, aside from economics, are also significant, and we address the most prevalent of these diverse motivations below.