In the present-day context, almost all information and content are available online. Even before a concept is taught by a faculty member, students can check the internet and learn from it.
Moving beyond textbooks and adapting to new methodologies of teaching teach is needed for the universities to remain relevant and sustainable.
Here are new teaching methods universities can adapt:
1. Problem-solving based learning
Before the students are told how to solve a problem or analyze a balance sheet, it would be a good idea to make them try it all by themselves.
This will ensure that their creative ability is kindled and it would encourage them to think critically.
Students can also be asked to work in groups to solve interesting challenges which are a part of the subject.
Problem-solving based learning will make the subject interesting and also will make the teaching learning more engaging.
2. Gamification of the teaching learning process
The gamification of learning is an educational approach that seeks to motivate students by using video game design and game elements in the learning environments.
The objective of this learning approach is to maximize enjoyment and engagement by capturing the interest of learners and inspiring them to continue learning.
Aspects of augmented reality and blending the real-world participants with the virtual world can make teaching learning very interesting.
3. Audio visual case-based learning
Case-based teaching is a pedagogical approach that engages students in the process of making real-world decisions.
You create cases that represent authentic workplace situations to encourage students to apply knowledge gained from the classroom or through additional research in order to solve the case.
If the case-based method is blended with audio visual content then students would learn in a much more effective way.
4. Blending knowing and doing in the teaching learning process
In general, the academic studies in a university are focused on subject-related expertise of the relevant academic discipline. The most important and fundamental theories, and the theoretical knowledge taught in the lecture halls.
This does not help the students when they join the corporate world. Many university graduates get a “reality shock” at the transition from their academic training to professional life.
While gaining a deeper understanding of the theoretical content is important, the testing of the theories and tools necessary to implement them in the business scenario is also important.
Hence, while universities must focus on ‘knowing’, which refers to the theories and methods that are required for a successful company management, they must also give importance to the ‘doing’ aspect, which refers to practical application of the expertise to exemplary or real situations.
The ‘doing’ aspect can be imparted with the help of information technology.
5. Process-oriented guided inquiry learning
Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL) is a learning designed for use with self-managed teams that employ the faculty member as a facilitator of learning rather than a source of information.
They guide students through an exploration to construct understanding. This method of teaching learning is effective and can be used to make students explore and learn rather than giving information that is readily available in text books.
(This is a slightly modified version of an article originally published in India Today. The original article can be found at https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/featurephilia/story/5-ways-universities-need-to-move-beyond-textbooks-to-new-ways-of-teaching-1900253-2022-01-14)