Almost every instructor has faced the issue of breaking the monotony of the classroom. Learning pedagogies in the twenty-first century are vastly different from those used in the previous century. Pedagogies relate to the process by which the theoretical and practical components of teaching are carried out and define the process of learning.

The learning process can be divided into two types: teacher-centered and student-centered. Teacher-centric learning entails direct subject matter education, i.e. the transmission of a defined set of knowledge from the teacher to the pupils. Teacher-centered learning may develop a set of rigorous rules over time.

Student-centric learning, on the other hand, entails active student participation. Although educators continue to provide teaching, they now take on a more mentoring role. Student-centric assessments, on the other hand, examine abilities more frequently and are analytical in nature.

Let's have a look at five different learning methodologies for modern pedagogy that are aligned with student-centered learning:


Crossover learning can simply be defined as a process that spans the gap between formal and informal education systems.

The crossover learning concept promotes students to gain knowledge and information from non-traditional learning environments such as museums and other after-school activities.

This learning approach is not intended to replace traditional classroom instruction, but rather to serve as a supplement to it.

A teacher, for example, can pose a question in class and then encourage pupils to investigate possible answers during a museum visit or field trip. Students can then present their observations in the classroom after receiving practical expertise.


Computational thinking is a method of problem-solving and thinking. This method divides larger problems into smaller chunks.

It then recognises how similar issues have been addressed in the past, leaves out irrelevant elements, and creates steps to get to the end result.

Computational thinking skills, which are commonly used by programmers, can also be used in everyday life. For example, you may use it to share a favourite dish with friends, plan vacations, and so on while writing a recipe.

The ultimate goal is for pupils to learn how to better frame their problems before solving them.


Every learner is unique and has various learning needs. Most educational institutions, on the other hand, use a one-size-fits-all approach to deliver common learning resources.

As a result, pupils have little choice but to alter their learning to match the study content.

The adaptive learning concept seeks to eliminate the one-size-fits-all learning strategy. It creates a customised study method using data from the learner's previous experiences.

Data such as reading time and self-assessment scores can be used to assist learners through the course contents on an individual basis. It also includes a number of tools for tracking a student's progress and increasing their academic development.


When students are exposed to scientific tools and processes, they are more likely to develop scientific inquiry skills.

Remote access to specialist equipment, such as remote laboratory experiments or telescopes, is now available to both teachers and students. Students' interest in subjects is piqued as a result of these learning opportunities.

Furthermore, using a user-friendly web interface, remote lab systems can lower the obstacles to student involvement.

For example, children can use a high-quality telescope at home to observe the night sky and learn about it.